Health and safety concerns with dumpers are a matter of concern on all job sites. Contractors who encourage workers to follow the correct safety procedures are less likely to deal with injuries on the job.
One of the most important considerations of plant machinery hire is ensuring the safety of everyone on site.
In the UK, contractors are governed by the law in terms of how they operate dumpers and other heavy machinery.
This law states that dumpers must be kept away from pedestrians. Trained drivers are required to operate these machines, which must always be kept in excellent condition through proper maintenance.
Providing hazard-free routes for pedestrian traffic helps to ensure that the workplace environment is safe. Various accidents have happened in the past.
These include overturns and even people being hit by dumpers while they were in use. This caused industry professionals to form a forum for dumpers in 2016, to avoid any more accidents.
The forum held several meetings and agreed that seven principles would be used to develop a plan of action.
These would also be used to develop a publication on safe use, providing guidance via the Plant Safety Group. In early 2018, work started on a good practice guide.
The plant safety group included members from all parts of the industry. This includes people who use the equipment, contractors and owners. Manufacturers, importers and hirers were also asked to give their input on best practices.
Hazards Associated with Dumpers
Knowing the hazards which are associated with dumpers helps users and contractors to avoid them on their job site.
Several of these hazards are likely to cause fatal injuries. They include overturning, which accounts for 60% of all dumper deaths that involve the driver.
Collisions may occur when a dumper is reversing or is going forward. These collisions can also result in death. Many collisions can be prevented by engaging in good habits whenever the machine is being used.
How to Prevent Hazards
Dupers have different purposes and choosing the right unit for a task helps to prevent injuries on your job site.
Always ensure that dumpers are used within their recommended capacity when they are being used on a slope. If you are not sure about a unit’s maximum capacity, ask the manufacturer.
Regular training helps to ensure that drivers are competent and adhere to the standards of operation.
Drivers should always use their seatbelts and their vehicles should be built with roll-over protection. This keeps them safe if the vehicle is unstable for any reason.
Drivers should be able to see clearly in all directions, so their loads should not block their vision. Ensure that loads are always evenly distributed, with platforms built specifically for certain items.
Wheel stops should be placed in safe positions, far from the edges of excavation areas. This makes it less likely that dumpers will fall.
Regularly Inspect and Maintain Units
Regular inspection and maintenance are critical. This involves a blend of daily visual checks, servicing and weekly inspections by trained staff.
You can develop your schedule in accordance with the guidelines which are recommended by the manufacturer. Drivers play an important role and should promptly report any problems that they detect.